RESPONDING TO THE DEMAND OF 21ST CENTURY TEACHING AND LEARNING: THE CASE OF HIGHER EDUCTION IN INDONESIA
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The world over experiences constant changes affecting al aspects of our lives in this 21st century. The wind of changes already force major impact in our work and daily life. It is observed that the most sensitive and responsive to the forces of change are national governments, businesses, and industries which have to keep up to the changes to be able to survive and made reasonable profits. All aspects of education systems must thus respond to the demand of providing human resources that can adapt and adept to the necessary changes to ensure any nation survival and competitivenes. The focus of this paper is higher education system in Indonesia, which have to respond appropriately to meet the challenges of 21st Century. How the government of Indonesia responds to the demand to reform the higher education system and to consider the open and distance teaching and learning delivery will be described in this paper. Mainly it will discribe the experiments of utilizing information communication and technology to deliver teaching and learning activities for the teacher or faculty development and for students replacing parts of face to face interaction in the effort to reach as many participants as possible from all over the Indonesia archipleago or the Southeast Asian region. These experiments are done to answer the demand to develop the human resources that have knowledge and skills necessary to survive the 21st Century.