THE ASSOCIATION OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND HOFSTEDE’S MASCULINITY AND UNCERTAINTY AVOIDANCE ON BANDUNG HIGHER EDUCATION STUDENTS
Job seeker statistic in Indonesia shows that Higher Education Institution could not produce graduates who are accepted by industries. Industries in Indonesia still need employees, but Indonesian job seekers, especially educated job seekers, could not meet the competencies required by industries. (Eman Suparno, Minister of Workers, Opinion and Editorial www.thejakartapost.com, September 25, 2006). One of alternatives to reduce educated unemployment in Indonesia is by encouraging them to actualize their entrepreneurships characteristics, since zulganef and mudzakar (2008) found some entrepreneur characteristics in some higher education students. Universities could make some contributions to solve the problems starting by comprehending relationship between some culture dimensions and entrepreneurships characteristics, since culture is a mental program that could change attitude or behavior. Understanding the relations between culture dimensions and entrepreneurships will make higher educational institutions easier to develop their curriculum with entrepreneurships content, since masculinity and uncertainty avoidance are apart of mental programs designed by society, at least they have some empiric justification. The Hofstede‟s culture dimensions are considered as variables that could have an impact to the characteristics of entrepreneurships. This research found that masculinity has positive relationships with entrepreneurship characteristics, while uncertainty avoidance has negative correlations with entrepreneurship characteristics.